Common Problems

Carvalho & Roth Orthodontic Care

The orthodontists at Carvalho & Roth Orthodontics understand the importance of not only having a beautiful smile, but also healthy, functioning teeth. In order to obtain that beautiful smile, we must first determine what the orthodontic problem is. Although circumstances may arise in which a bad bite must be corrected through surgery, most can be corrected through a variety of treatments, including Invisalign, Invisalign Teen, as well as metal and clear braces. For more information regarding common problems in orthodontics, continue reading below.


An underbite occurs when a person’s lower jaw, or mandible, protrudes forward and in front of the upper jaw. Although there are circumstances when jaw surgery may be necessary, this can typically be corrected with braces.


Spacing, or gaps, between the teeth most frequently occurs because the teeth are too small for the available space. Other reasons for spacing of the teeth include protrusive teeth, impacted teeth, missing teeth, or abnormal tissue attachments to the gums. These gaps can be corrected with aligners or braces.

Upper Front Teeth Protrusion

Upper front teeth protrusion is when the upper front teeth protrude beyond what would be considered normal contact with the lower jaw. This frequently occurs due to a small lower jaw or finger and thumb sucking habits.


Crowding occurs when there is not enough space in the jaw. Teeth can be twisted or displaced due to a jaw that may be too small or teeth that are too large. Correcting this problem may call for the extraction of teeth followed by braces to properly align the teeth.


The most common type of crossbite occurs when the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth when you bite down. This can cause significant discomfort due to biting and chewing difficulties. A crossbite may be fixed with either braces or an expander.


An overbite is a condition where the top teeth extend beyond the bottom teeth. Although this can easily be corrected with braces, there are circumstances in which the overbite is so minor no treatment is needed.


Openbites result from the upper and lower incisor teeth being unable to touch, causing added pressure to the back teeth when chewing. Additionally, this pressure may cause significant tooth wear. Because correction of an openbite does not tend to be permanent, it is best that this problem be corrected as early as possible.


When the center line of the upper teeth and the center line of the lower teeth don’t align, then the midlines do not match. This may be caused by a drifting or missing tooth or by a bad bite and may be corrected with braces.

Schedule A Visit Today!

If you believe you might have a bad bite it is important that you visit an orthodontist as soon as you can. If you would like to schedule an appointment, contact us today or stop by one of our conveniently located offices in Marlborough, Northborough, or Newton Centre, MA. We look forward to meeting you!

Carvalho & Roth Orthodontics

  • Marlborough - 126 Union St., Marlborough, MA 01752 Phone: (508) 485-8788
  • Northborough - 1 E. Main St., Northborough, MA 01532 Phone: (508) 393-5400
  • Newton Centre - 4 Lyman St., Newton Centre, MA 02459 Phone: (617) 332-2434

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